This tonic is based on Elderberry and Apple Cider Vinegar, both of which have antimicrobial properties. Elderberry has traditionally been used to help reduce severity and length of cold or flu.
Several studies have provided evidence supporting this effect, and in vitro studies have shown that it works by inhibiting viral entry into and replication in human cells (1, 2). Apple Cider Vinegar has been used for thousands of years for its multifaceted healing properties, and recent studies have shown its effectiveness against specific pathogenic bacteria and fungi (3).
Ginger, Horseradish, Cinnamon, Star Anise, Black Cumin, Black Pepper, Cloves, Chillies, Elderberries, Thyme, Sage, Oregano, Rosemary, Apple Cider Vinegar.
Take one teaspoon in a cup of water, ideally hot/warm if possible. Take once daily for general immune support or up to three times daily during cold or flu.
Hot spicy immune tonic with kitchen herbs and spices to warm you up and ward off infection. These ingredients all contain aromatic oils that are antimicrobial and regular use can protect your system and improve digestion, circulation + metabolism for better health.
1) Barak, V., Halperin, T., Kalickman, I. (2001) The effect of Sambucol, a black elderberry-based, natural product, on the production of human cytokines: I. Inflammatory cytokines. European Cytokine Network, 12(2), 290-6 . Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
2) Zakay-Rones, Z., Thom, E., Wollan, T., Wadstein. (2004) Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections. Journal of International Medical Research, 32(2), 132-40. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net
3) Yagnik, D., Serafin, V., & J Shah, A. (2018). Antimicrobial activity of apple cider vinegar against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans; downregulating cytokine and microbial protein expression. Scientific reports, 8(1), 1732. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov