Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale

Dandelion is a perennial herbaceous plant growing up to 50 cm tall and native to Eurasia. It often grows in disturbed habitats such as lawns, wasteland, and roadsides.

It has deeply toothed leaves that are tightly packed at ground level. The stem is hollow and unbranched and carries the yellow flowers. The seeds are wind-dispersed.

Dandelion has been widely used as food and medicine. For example, the dark brown taproot has been used to produce a coffee substitute and the vitamin-rich leaves are gathered as wild salad.

Traditional uses
  • Diuretic 1
  • Symptomatic relief of mild digestive complaints 1
Properties
  • Stimulation of bile flow 2 (in-vivo)
  • Antioxidant activity3 (in-vitro, in-vivo)
  • Anti-inflammatory activity3 (in-vitro, in-vivo)
  • Prebiotic effect3 (in-vitro)
  • A good source of Folate, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Calcium, Iron, Potassium
  • A good source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol), Vitamin K, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Vitamin B6
How it can be used
  • Dandelion also contain high levels of potassium, replacing potassium that might have been lost through increased urination
  • Dandelion is used with problems of the kidneys and liver
  • Both leaves and roots have therapeutic effects. The leaves exert a powerful diuretic action on the urinary system and may reduce fluid retention and assist the removal of toxins from the body1
  • Dandelion can be used to treat the symptoms of digestive disorders1
Precautions
  • People with renal and heart failure should avoid using Dandelion
The information provided here is only intended to augment people awareness and knowledge of the properties and uses of some plants. This information is not intended to substitute advice from a physician and is not a substitute for professional medical care. Although references are provided and information has been compiled with care, errors may be present. The remedies listed here should not be used without prior consultation with a qualified healthcare professional.

The authors do not recommend collecting and using wild plants from an urban environment as these can be contaminated by several types of pollutants that are harmful to human health. The authors are not responsible for any adverse effect or consequences resulting from the use of the information published in this website.
References
  1. European Medicine Agency Final assessment report on Taraxacum officinale Weber ex Wigg., radix cum herba. (2011).
  2. Böhm, K. Untersuchungen über choleretische Wirkungen einiger Arzneipflanzen. Arzneim Forsch/Drug Res 9, 376 (1959).
  3. González-Castejón, M., Visioli, F. & Rodriguez-Casado, A. Diverse biological activities of dandelion. Nutr. Rev. 70, 534–547 (2012).
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